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安徽省分类考试招生(单招)押题试卷

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时间:2016-09-18

阅读数:772

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.语法单句填空

1________existed a certain doubt among the workers as to the necessity of the work.

答案: There 句意为:对于做这份工作的必要性,工人们存在一定的疑惑。There exists/existed...有;存在;相当于There be...结构。

2The transformation of our city will make ________ possible for people here to have a comfortable environment.

答案:it 句意:城市改造将使得这里的人们有一个舒适的环境。it作形式宾语,真正的宾语为句后的不定式的复合结构。

3The festival of this year has been a great success, ________(like) the year before when it rained non­stop.

答案:unlike 句意:今年这个节日过得很成功,不像前年过节时,雨下个不停。unlike意为不同;不像,符合题意。like相像的;类似的

4The actor said ________ he'd accept the role in the play depended on the plot of it.

答案:whether 由depended on the plot of it可知,此处应为是否之意,应用ifwhether,而主语从句置于句首时只能用whether

5When the fire broke ________many people were shopping in the supermarket.

答案:out 考查动词短语意义。句意:当火灾发生时,很多人正在超市里购物。break out战争、火灾、疾病的突然发生

6While crossing the street, please watch________ for the coming cars.

答案:out 句意:过马路时,要留心来往的车辆。watch out注意,当心,与介词for连用;take carebe careful后面多与不定式连用。watch over照看,为及物动词短语。

7With the weather becoming hotter and hotter, we need curtains to block________ the sunshine.

答案:out 句意:随着天气变得越来越热,我们需要窗帘来挡住阳光。block up塞住block out挡住(光线)

8People hope that measures will be taken to prevent house prices rising ________(rise)

答案:(from) rising 考查动词词义。句意:人们希望采取措施阻止房价上升。prevent...(from)..阻止…………”,与句意相符。keep...from...阻止…………”,介词from不能省。

9Why not change your mind now ______ you have found that there is something wrong with your plan?

答案:that 句意:既然你发现了你的计划有问题,为什么不改变主意呢?now that既然,引导原因状语从句。

10________ the universe began with the “big bang” has been widely accepted.

答案:That 句意:宇宙开始于大爆炸已被广泛接受。从句中意义完整,只需要引导词,故选that来引导主语从句。

.阅读理解

Alaskan black bears hibernate for up to seven months a year, during which time they do not eat or drink, before waking up in virtually the same physical state they fell asleep in.

Now experts hope to develop methods of putting humans into a similar state which could help astronauts survive long missions and lead to new ways of treating severely ill patients.

While many studies have examined hibernation in mice and hedgehogs, little research has been done into the same condition in larger mammals such as bears.

But new research conducted at the Institute of Arctic Biology at the University of Alaska monitored the animals' body temperature, heart rate and muscle movements while they slept.

The research results showed that during a five­month hibernation the bears' body temperatures varied between 30 and 36 in cycles that lasted between two and seven days—a pattern that was previously unknown in hibernating animals.

The research project leader saidIf our research could help by showing how to reduce metabolic (新陈代谢的) rates and oxygen demands in human tissues, one could possibly save severely ill patients. We simply need to know how to turn things on and off to take advantage of the different levels of hibernations.

Craig Heller, of Stanford University, who contributed to the study, added, There has always been a thought that, if there is ever long­distance space travel, it would be good to be able to put people into a state of lower metabolism or a state of hibernation. That's almost science fiction but you can see the logical basis.

文章大意:本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了专家希望将阿拉斯加黑熊冬眠的方法运用到人类身上来帮助宇航员延长在太空的使命以及治疗重症病人。

1We know from the text that ________.

Aduring winter Alaskan black bears sleep for more than half a year

Bresearchers have examined hibernation in humans

Cexperts have got no results from their research

DCraig Heller is a leader from the Institute of Arctic Biology

答案:A 推理判断题。根据第一段第一句中的“Alaskan black bears hibernate for up to seven months a year”可知,应选A

2The best topic of the text should be ________.

AThe Latest Research Results

BNew Methods of Putting Humans into Hibernation

CAlaskan Black Bears Hibernate

DAstronauts Could Hibernate Like Bears

答案:D 主旨大意题。本文主要介绍专家希望将阿拉斯加黑熊冬眠的方法运用到人类身上,来帮助宇航员延长在太空的使命以及治疗重症病人。故选D

3According to the text, we can infer that ________.

Amany studies have examined hibernation in mice and bears as well

Bhumans' body temperatures vary between 30 and 36 while they sleep

Cresearch into hibernation in animals may help deadly patients stay longer

Dscientists have already taken advantage of the different levels of hibernation      space missions

答案:C 推理判断题。根据第二段中的“... lead to new ways of treating severely ill patients.”可推知,应选C

.七选五

A greeting is a friendly expression or gesture used when meeting or welcoming someone. Greetings usually happen before a conversation and sometimes accompanied by some greeting behaviors such as a small kiss or a hug and handshake. Though the time to greet someone is short,         __1__. Just as the Chinese saying goes “A kind word could warm one for three winters, a bad attitude would make one cold even in hot summer.”

The following are some greetings in different countries.

1America: Firm handshakes should last 3­5 seconds.   __2__. When greeting multiple people, make eye contact with the person whose hand you are taking, and then go on to the next. They are not used to standing too closely.

2United Kingdom: A handshake is the most common form of greeting for both men and women. When people are already familiar, verbal greetings are used. Personal space is important and people can feel uncomfortable if someone stands too close to them. __3__.

3Australia: A handshake is the preferred greeting. When speaking to an Australian, keep an arm's length distance from the person.    __4__and eye contact should be maintained as well.

4Canada: A handshake is traditional. Men usually wait for women to offer theirs. Direct, but not too intense eye contact is acceptable, especially to convey sincerity. The standard distance between two people should be two feet. __5__.

ATouching is generally avoided

Bpeople still greet each other with a “hello”

CFrench Canadians, however, may stand slightly closer

Dits influence is long and profound

EWhen people already know each other well, they needn't greet

FGood eye contact shows interest, sincerity and confidence

GMaintaining personal space is important in this culture

答案:15 DFAGC

.短文改错

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

ASo what do you think was the best part?

BThe part where I said “I do”of course.

AHaha, I knew you would say that.

BActually, I really like__1__when your parents give their speeches. I have never really seen them__2__(express) any emotion before, __3__ their words almost made me cry, especially your Dad's.

AWell, it was a really special day for them. They think you and your parents are just great, and__4__makes the celebration that much better when you think about it as gaining a new family.

BI couldn't agree more. And it was so __5__(amaze) to have all my friends together. I think everyone had__6__wonderful time.

AThe food turned__7__pretty decent, huh?

BIt surely did. You never know how these things will go with so many people__8__(feed), but I think everyone was pleased. The cake was a bit of disappointment__9__.

AYeah, but nobody ever actually likes the cake. I mean, it's really only there to be used as face paint for the bride and groom!

BWell, you surely got me good! And you know what? I had forgotten what a good dancer you are. It had been a long time since we cut a rug together. I think that was when everything__10__(true)sank inthat you were going to be Mrs Kyle Daniels forever.

AUm, you mean that you were going to be Mr. Sally Washington forever...

答案:

1it 2.express 3.but 4.it 5.amazing 6.a 7.out

8to feed 9.though 10.truly

.短文改错

I went a small village, which is in Dabie Mountain, Anhui Province, as a volunteer teacher last vacations. Besides teaching, I visited some local families to know no more about their lives. The friendly people as well as the blue sky, fresh air and small clear streams run across the beautiful mountains real left me an unforgettable experience. That impressed me most were the diligent students listening attentively with eager eyes in class. Even now not only their reading aloud with passion can often be heard in my ears but also their lovely smiling faces often appeared before me. They have made several friends there because I wish I could go back there soon.

答案:

I went ∧to a small village, which is in Dabie Mountain, Anhui Province, as a volunteer teacher last vacationsvacation. Besides teaching, I visited some local families to know (no) more about their lives. The friendly people as well as the blue sky, fresh air and small clear streams runrunning across the beautiful mountains realreally left me an unforgettable experience. ThatWhat impressed me most werewas the diligent students listening attentively with eager eyes in class. Even now not only their reading aloud with passion can often be heard in my ears but also their lovely smiling faces often appearedappear before me. TheyI have made several friends there becauseso/and I wish I could go back there soon.

.书面表达

手机和我们的生活越来越密切,让我们的联系变得更加方便,可有人认为手机并不利于真正的交流。校报英文版正在开展征文活动,发起对这一话题的讨论,你认为手机对人与人之间沟通的影响是利大于弊还是弊大于利?请你以Mobile phones, good or bad for communication为题写篇短文向校报投稿,表达你的看法。

注意:1. 词数120左右;2. 短文题目已拟好,不计入总词数;3. 文中不可出现与本人相关的信息。

Mobile phones, good or bad for communication?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

答案:

One possible version

Mobile phones, good or bad for communication?

The technology of mobile phones has made many things easier for people. Someone can reach us or we can call someone wherever we are. However, people are unaware of the negative effects of mobile phones on communication.

Due to the convenience of mobile phones, many people have started to engage in social interaction in person less than before. In addition, mobile phone communication lacks facial expressions and body language, without which communication becomes less personal. Consequently, some people get confused and nervous while talking to a person face to face because they mostly talk to people on mobile phones. They even do not know the manners of communication.

As far as I am concerned, we should use mobile phones in a wise way and try to avoid depending too much on them.

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